Table 3.

The diagnostic distinction between viral infections and various diagnoses of bacterial infections.a

DiagnosisB-HNLPCT
AuROC (95% CI)AuROC (95% CI)
Bacterial pneumonia0.868 (0.771–0.935)0.647 (0.529–0.753)***b
Streptococcal tonsillitis0.905 (0.815–0.960)0.537 (0.418–0.653)***
Urinary tract infection0.899 (0.805–0.957)0.808 (0.698–0.891)
Bacterial GI infectionc0.773 (0.635–0.887)0.698 (0.555–0.817)
Erysipelas0.951 (0.856–0.991)0.676 (0.534–0.991)**
Sepsis, endocarditis0.980 (0.899–0.999)0.938 (0.838–0.986)
URTI (excluding tonsillitis)0.944 (0.838–0.990)0.515 (0.383–0.645)***
  • a The table was modified from reference (4) with permission.

  • b **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001.

  • c GI, gastrointestinal; URTI, upper respiratory tract infection.