Background: Some posit that any amount of myocardial ischemia can be detected by high-sensitivity cardiac troponin assays. We hypothesized that patients with myocardial ischemia induced by exercise stress would have significantly higher increases in high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) concentrations than patients without ischemia.
Methods: We prospectively recruited for a biorepository 317 adult patients who presented to an academic hospital emergency department for evaluation possible ischemic symptoms and who were scheduled for exercise echocardiography. Blood samples were obtained before stress testing and 2-h post-testing. For this study, plasma hs-cTnT (Roche Diagnostics) concentrations were determined in a core laboratory blinded to clinical status. Absolute and relative changes between baseline and 2-h post-stress measurements were compared between patients with and without ischemia induced by stress testing.
Results: The median age was 51 (44.0, 60.0) years, 45.9% were men, and 37.8% were African American. In total, 26 patients (8.1%) had myocardial ischemia induced by exercise. Median baseline, 2-h post-stress, and absolute δ concentrations were, respectively, 6.0, 8.0, and 0.2 ng/L for patients with evidence of ischemia; 3.8, 4.6, and 0.0 ng/L for those without; and 3.9, 4.9, and 0.0 ng/L overall. Baseline and 2-h hs-cTnT concentrations were higher among patients with abnormal stress tests (all P ≤0.05), but absolute and relative changes in hs-cTnT concentrations were not significantly different between individuals with ischemia and individuals without.
Conclusions: There was no evidence of change in hs-cTnT values in response to exercise stress testing, regardless of the presence of myocardial ischemia.
- Received August 26, 2016.
- Accepted November 1, 2016.
- © 2017 American Association for Clinical Chemistry