Background: Measuring thrombin generation (TG) in plasma increasingly gained attention as a diagnostic tool in the field of thrombosis and hemostasis. To include the contribution of all blood cells, recently, the whole blood TG method was developed.
Methods: We changed the calculation method of the standard calibrated automated thrombography (CAT) to a method only taking into account the data until the peak of TG, thereby considerably reducing the time from blood draw to result. By redesigning the method, the blood volume per test was reduced to 15 μL.
Results: For all TG parameters, the interassay variation proved to be below 15%. The interindividual variation of all parameters was comparable to the CAT method. Thirty-three patients undergoing cardiothoracic surgery were included to investigate whether our assay correlates with postoperative blood loss. On dividing patients into severe and mild bleeders, significant differences between both groups were found for the peak endogenous thrombin potential (peakETP) and peak values determined by our near-patient device. Importantly, patients with a peakETP below the median experienced significantly more blood loss compared to those with a peakETP above the median. A similar division based on the peak as well as the body mass index of the patient yielded similar significant differences. A combination of the peakETP, the body mass index, and the lag time even resulted in a better predictor of blood loss compared to each parameter separately.
Conclusions: Our adapted whole blood TG assay can be used near patients and is indicative for the amount of blood loss post cardiothoracic surgery.
Authors' Disclosures or Potential Conflicts of Interest: No authors declared any potential conflicts of interest.
Role of Sponsor: No sponsor was declared.
- Received October 20, 2016.
- Accepted January 5, 2017.
- © 2017 American Association for Clinical Chemistry