Background: An accurate estimate of the duration of atrial fibrillation (AF) is critical for its safe and successful management. We examined the ability of midregional pro–atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) to identify patients presenting with AF of ≤48 vs >48 h in duration.
Methods: We prospectively studied 106 patients presenting with AF of known duration. We examined the predictive values of MR-proANP and N-terminal pro–brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in the detection of recent-onset AF, in addition to other factors identified by multiple variable analyses.
Results: In patients presenting with AF of ≤48 vs >48 h in duration, the median MR-proANP plasma concentration was 147.7 [95.3–197.4] pmol/L vs 220.4 [154.0–303.1] pmol/L (P <0.001). MR-proANP and NT-proBNP were correlated (r = 0.5, P <10−7), but MR-proANP tended to better discriminate AF of ≤48 h in duration than NT-proBNP (P = 0.09). A score including heart rate, dyspnea, and MR-proANP concentration accurately detected AF of ≤48 h in duration (area under the curve = 0.890; 95% CI, 0.828–0.952). A score of 98 points was an optimal cutoff that excluded AF of ≤48 h in duration with a sensitivity of 95%, while a score of 132.5 points was an optimal cutoff that confirmed AF of ≤48 h in duration with a sensitivity of 95%. Overall, a score ≤98 or ≥132.5 identified AF of ≤48 h in duration in 56% of patients.
Conclusions: A score based on a model including heart rate, dyspnea, and plasma MR-proANP concentration was helpful in identifying AF of ≤48 h in duration.
Authors' Disclosures or Potential Conflicts of Interest: Upon manuscript submission, all authors completed the author disclosure form.
Employment or Leadership: None declared.
Consultant or Advisory Role: None declared.
Stock Ownership: None declared.
Honoraria: C. Gobeaux, Roche Diagnstics; F. Beygui, AstraZeneca, Medtronic, Lily, Daiichi Sankyo.
Research Funding: C. Meune, Brahms Thermo Fisher.
Expert Testimony: None declared.
Patents: None declared.
Role of Sponsor: No sponsor was declared.
- Received July 28, 2016.
- Accepted October 4, 2016.
- © 2016 American Association for Clinical Chemistry